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Devdutt's Project

Periodic Table Quest

About Devdutt

Hello, my name is Devdutt Dinesh. I study in grade 9, NMS - DPS Bahrain.

Devdutt's project details:

My initiative towards the project "Periodic Table quest" is to minimize/eliminate the tough effort that need to be put in in understanding the concept about the periodic table.
You have to provide the number of element as input and all information of element comes as an output.

# Howdy,Bonjour,ciao.
# Do you find memorising or even knowing the periodic table hard.
# Your in luck this prgram allows you to find any element in the periodic table by just giving a random number from 1 to 118.
print('do you have any knowledge about the periodic table')
# Type a yes or no .
beginner=input('yes or no:')
if (beginner== 'yes')or (beginner=='YES') or (beginner== 'Yes'):
    print('Great, you rock! You can directly start finding for elements')
    print(''' Periodic table is a table of the chemical elements arranged in order of atomic number,
usually in rows, so that elements with similar atomic structure (and hence similar chemical properties)
appear in vertical columns.''')
# type a number from 1 t0 118
number=int(input(' type the number of the element you want to find out from 1to 118:'))
if number > 118:
    print('there are only 118 elements, the number you have given is invalid')
    if number < 1:
        print('the numbers of elements strts from 1')
elif number == 1:
    print( ''' Hydrogen is the first element
The sun generates energy by the nuclear fusion of hydrogen atoms into helium.
Hydrogen is the lightest element in the periodic table and the most plentiful in the universe.
Hydrogen is colourless, odourless and tasteless, meaning it’s undetectable by human senses.''')
elif number == 2:
    print(''' Helium is the second element
Helium is a major component of the gas mix deep sea divers breathe while underwater.
Helium and argon gas are used in combination to inflate the airbags of newer cars.
Helium is a coolant gas for the superconducting magnets in MRI scanners and NMR spectrometers.''')
elif number == 3:
    print(''' Lithium is the third element
Hydrogen, helium and lithium were the only three elements produced during the Big Bang.
Lithium-ion batteries are used as the power source for our mobile phones and laptops.
Lithium and the other metals in group 1 are so soft that they can be cut with a knife.''')
elif number == 4:
    print(''' Beryllium is the fourth element
Beryllium is found in the mineral beryl. Varieties of beryl include emerald.
Beryllium is alloyed with other metals and used in components of rockets, satellites and aircraft.
The primary mirror of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope is made from gold-coated beryllium.''')
elif number == 5:
    print(''' Boron is the 5th element
Borax (sodium tetraborate) is used as a preservative and buffer in eye drops and contact lens solutions.
Boron is used in pyrotechnic flares to give them a distinctive green colour.
Boron trioxide is used to manufacture heat-resistant borosilicate glass, used for laboratory glassware.''')
elif number == 6:
    print(''' Carbon is the 6th element
Carbon has several forms (allotropes), which include diamond, graphite, graphene, and nanotubes.
Carbon is essential to life, as it is able to form a huge variety of chains of different lengths.
Burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide. It traps heat in the atmosphere, raising global temperatures.''')
elif number == 7:
    print(''' Nitrogen is the 7th element
Nitrogen gas makes up the largest portion of the air that we breathe (approximately 78%).
Nitrogen is responsible for blues and purples in auroras, as well as the blue colour of lightning flashes.
NItrogen is essential for plants. Nitrogen fertilisers are crucial for feeding the world’s population.''')
elif number == 8:
    print(''' Oxygen is the 8th element
Oxygen gas is colourless and odourless. Liquid oxygen is pale blue and can be attracted by a magnet.
Oxygen is 21% of Earth’s atmosphere, and oxygen atoms make up 65% of the mass of the human body.
Liquid oxygen is used as an oxidizer in some rocket propellants, often with liquid hydrogen.''')
elif number == 9:
    print(''' Fluorine is the 9th element
Fluorine is found in Teflon (poly(tetrafluoroethene)) which is used to make non-stick cookware.
Fluorine is the most reactive element – it even forms compounds with some noble gases.
Fluoride compounds such as tin(II) fluoride are added to toothpastes to prevent tooth decay. ''')
elif number == 10:
    print(''' Neon is the 10th element
Neon is used in neon signs, which glow with a distinctive reddishorange colour.
Liquid neon is a powerful refrigerant, with forty times the cooling power per unit volume of liquid helium.
Neon is the most inert element in the periodic table, with no known stable compounds.''')
elif number == 11:
    print(''' Sodium is the 11th element
Sodium chloride is the most common sodium compound, used to season food and to de-ice roads.
Sodium-vapour lamps give streetlights their yellow glow (though they are being replaced by LEDs).
Your body needs sodium for your muscles and nerves to work, and to regulate water levels.''')
elif number == 12:
    print(''' Magnesium is the 12th element
Magnesium is a key component in chlorophyll, the pigment important for photosynthesis in plants.
Magnesium burns in air with a bright white light, giving it uses in sparklers, flares and fireworks.
Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) is a component of bath salts, and is also used to soothe sore muscles.''')
elif number == 13:
    print('''Aluminium is the 13th element
Though it’s the most abundant metal in Earth’s crust, aluminium’s reactivity makes it costly to extract.
75% of all aluminium ever made is still in use. Recycled cans get back on shelves in as little as 60 days.
Aluminium is combined with other metals to make strong but light alloys used in aeroplane construction''')
elif number == 14:
    print(''' Silicon is the 14th element
Most rocks are silicate minerals. Sand is silicon dioxide, and is the principal ingredient of glass.
Silicone oils are lubricants which are sometimes added to cosmetics and personal care products.
Silicon is widely used in integrated circuits, or “chips”, found in almost all electronic devices.''')
elif number == 15:
    print('''Phosphorus is the 14th element
Phosphorus is essential for life, and it forms part of the sugar-phosphate backbone of DNA and RNA.
Red phosphorus is found on the striking surface of safety match boxes which ignites matches when struck.
White phosphorus glows when exposed to oxygen – its name is derived from the greek for ‘light-bearer’.''')
elif number == 16:
    print('''Sulfur is the 16th elementCompounds of sulfur, including hydrogen sulfide,
are responsible for the smells of onion and garlic.
Sulfur is used in the vulcanization (hardening) of natural rubber for uses including car tyres.
Most sulfur is used to make sulfuric acid, used to make fertilisers, detergents, and other useful compounds.''')
elif number == 17:
    print('''chlorine is the 17th element
Chlorine is a toxic greenyellow gas. It was used as a chemical weapon during World War I.
Chlorine kills bacteria and other microbes and is used to treat drinking water and swimming pool water.
Chlorine is used to produce the plastic PVC, used in window frames, drainpipes, and flooring.''')
elif number == 18:
    print('''Argon is the 18th element
Argon is a poor conductor of heat and is used to fill the gaps between panes in double-glazed windows.
Argon is often used as the inert gas in filament lightbulbs. It’s also found in newer low-energy bulbs.
Historical documents are stored in sealed containers filled with argon to stop degradation by oxygen.''')
elif number == 19:
    print('''Pottassium is the 19th element
Potassium hydroxide is used to make liquid soaps. Potassium compounds are also used in fertilisers.
In humans, potassium ions regulate blood pressure and transmission of nerve impulses.
The potassium-40 isotope causes low level  radioactivity in bananas, and in humans and animals.''')
elif number==20:
    print('''Calcium is 20th element
Calcium is essential for all living things, particularly for
the growth of healthy teeth and bones.
Calcium chloride is added during the making of some
cheeses to ensure formation of a firm curd.
Limestone (calcium carbonate) is used in construction.
Lime (calcium oxide) helps make cement.''')
elif number == 21:
    print('''Scandium is the 21st element.
Scandium iodide is added to mercury vapour lamps to produce light similar to sunlight for film and TV.
Scandium and aluminium combined make a light but strong alloy used for sports equipment and fighter jets.
Scandium-46 is a radioactive isotope which can be used to detect leaks in underground pipes.''')
elif number == 22:
    print('''Titaninium is the 22nd element.
Titanium dioxide is a key component of sunscreens, stopping UV light from the  sun reaching the skin.
Many International Space Station parts are titanium – it’s strong, light, and copes in extreme temperatures.
Titanium metal is used to make artificial joints, as it is biocompatible and also resists corrosion.''')
elif number ==23:
    print('''Vanadium is the 23rd element.
Vanadium is added to steel to increase its hardness. It’s used in tools including wrenches and drill bits.
Vanadium(V) oxide is used to give ceramics a golden colour. Added to glass, it gives a green or blue tint.
Sea cucumbers have yellow blood due to the presence of vanabins, vanadium-binding proteins.''')
elif number==24:
    print('''Chromium is the 24th element.
Chromium impurities in the structure are responsible for the red colour of rubies.
Plating with a layer of chromium is used to decorate metals and protect them from corrosion.
The yellow colour of school buses is due to a chromium-containing pigment, chrome yellow.''')
elif number ==25:
    print('''Manganese is the 25th element.
Manganese steel contains ~13% manganese. It’s very strong and used for railways, safes, and prison bars.
Manganese is essential for organisms. It’s needed for strong bones, and many enzymes also contain it.
Drinks cans are made with an alloy of aluminium and manganese, which helps prevent corrosion.''')
elif number==26:
    print('''Iron is the 26th element.
    Blood’s red colour is from the iron in haemoglobin, which helps carry oxygen from the lungs to cells.
The surface of Mars appears red due to iron oxide – more commonly referred to as rust.
The Earth’s core is 80–85% iron. Movement of molten iron in the outer core generates a magnetic field.
Blood’s red colour is from the iron in haemoglobin, which helps carry oxygen from the lungs to cells.
The surface of Mars appears red due to iron oxide – more commonly referred to as rust.
The Earth’s core is 80–85% iron. Movement of molten iron in the outer core generates a magnetic field.''')
elif number ==27:
    print('''Cobalt is the 27th element.
Cobalt blue is a blue coloured pigment, used in paints and as a colouring agent in Chinese porcelain.
Alloys of cobalt stay strong at high temperatures and resist corrosion. They are used in jet engines.
Radioactive cobalt-60 is used to sterilise medical equipment, and is also used for food irradiation.''')
elif number== 28:
    print('''Nickel is the 28th element.
Heating elements in toasters and electric ovens are made from nichrome, a nickel-chromium alloy.
Nickel is one of only four elements that’s magnetic at 20 ˚C. The others are iron, cobalt, and gadolinium.
The coins used in many countries contain nickel, alloyed with other metals such as copper.''')
elif number ==36:
    print('''Krypton is the 36th element.Krypton is
used in flash lamps used for high speed photography,
and also in so-called neon lights.
Between 1960 and 1983, the metre was defined with reference
to light emitted by the krypton-86 isotope.
Radioactive krypton-85, made during nuclear fuel reprocessing,
helps detect covert nuclear facilities.''')
elif number ==37:
    print('''Rubidium is the 37th element.
Rubidium and caesium atomic clocks in GPS
satellites help your phone tell you where you are.
Rubidium ions can be added to perovskite solar cells in
order to increase their efficiency.
The radioactive isotope, rubidium-82, is used in
medicine to locate and image brain tumours.''')
elif number ==38:
    print(''' Strontium is the 38th element.
Strontium aluminate added to paint makes it glow in the dark.
It’s commonly used on watch dials.
Strontium chloride is an active ingredient in toothpastes
which reduce tooth sensitivity.
Strontium-90 generates electricity for space vehicles,
remote weather stations and navigation buoys.''')
elif number ==39:
    print(''' Yttrium iis the 39th element.
Yttrium oxide is added to the glass in camera lenses to make them heat and shock resistant.
Yttrium aluminium garnet is used to simulate some gemstones, and is also found in some lasers.
Blue LEDs can be given a coating of cerium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet to make them appear white.''')
elif number ==40:
    print(''' Zirconium is the 40th element.Cubic zirconia are made of zirconium oxide, and are used in jewellery as diamond simulants.
Zirconium oxide is used in ceramic knives which stay sharper for longer compared to steel knives.
Zirconium is used in nuclear power stations to cover the fuel rods that power .''')
elif number ==41:
    print('''Niobium is the 41st element.
Niobium and some of its alloys are hypoallergenic and used in prosthetics, pacemakers, and jewellery.
Particle accelerators and MRI scanners use superconducting niobiumtitanium magnets.
Niobium oxide increases the refractive index of glass, allowing corrective glasses to have thinner lenses.''')
elif number==42:
    print('''Molybdenium is the 42nd element.
Molybdenum is added to steel to make it stronger, resistant to corrosion, and heat resistant.
Molybdenum disulfide is used as a dry lubricant in both motorcycle and aircraft engines.
Molybdenum-containing enzymes process the sulfites in wine, cheese, pickles, and other foods.''')
elif number ==43:
    print('''Technium is the 43rd element
Technetium was the first element in the periodic table to be made artificially, by Italian scientists in 1937.
Technetium is the lightest element whose isotopes are all radioactive. It’s produced as a fission waste product.
Technetium is used as a radioactive tracer for imaging of various organs in the body.''')
elif number ==44:
    print('''Ruthenium is the 44th element.
Ruthenium is used to harden alloys of platinum and palladium used in electronics and switches.
Fountain pen nibs are tipped with hard-wearing ruthenium, osmium and rhenium alloys.
Ruthenium tetroxide is used to expose latent fingerprints, as the fats in the print turn it black''')
elif number ==45:
    print('''Rhodium is the 45th element.
Rhodium is used in catalytic converters in cars, breaking down nitrogen oxides in exhaust gases.
White gold jewellery is often electroplated with rhodium to improve its appearance.
Rhodium is one of the rarest non-radioactive metals, and one of the least reactive elements.''')
elif number ==46:
    print('''Palladium is the 46th element.
Palladium’s main use is as a catalyst, in car catalytic converters and in some organic chemistry reactions.
Palladium is sometimes used to make professional (concert and classical) transverse flutes.
Palladium can absorb 900 times its own volume in H2 gas and may be used for hydrogen fuel storage.''')
elif number ==47:
    print('''Silver is the 47th element.
Threads of silver are woven into gloves so that they can be used to operate touchscreen devices.
Light-sensitive silver halides are used in film photography, as well as in photochromic glasses.
Silver nanoparticles have antibacterial properties and are woven into clothes to prevent odours.''')
elif number ==48:
    print('''Cadmium is the 48th element.
Cadmium’s main use is in rechargeable nickelcadmium batteries, but these are being phased out.
Cadmium pigments give paints yellow, orange and red hues, and were used by artists including Van Gogh.
Cadmium’s high toxicity has led to pushes in many countries to reduce its supply and use.''')
elif number ==49:
    print('''Indium is the 49th element.
Most indium is used to make indium tin oxide, an important component of touch screen devices.
Indium is used to coat the ball bearings in some Formula 1 cars due to its low friction coefficient.
Indium alloys with low melting points are used in shop and warehouse fire sprinkler systems.''')
elif number==50:
    print('''Tin is the 50th element.
Prior to the 2016 awards, Oscar statuettes were made from gold-coated britannium, a tin alloy.
Most window glass is made by floating molten glass on molten tin to produce a flat surface.
Tin-plated steel cans are used to preserve food. The can’s inside has a thin plastic coating to stop corrosion.''')
elif number==51:
    print(''' Antimony is the 51st element.
Antimony-containing stibnite, known as kohl,
was used in ancient times as eyeliner and mascara.
Antimony trioxide is used as an additive in flame retardants
for items such as children’s clothing and toys.
Antimony is alloyed with lead to harden it.
It’s used for this in lead-acid batteries and in bullets.''')
elif number==52:
    print('''Tellurium is the 52nd eement.
Cadmium telluride is used to make some solar cells, and is the second most used solar cell material.
DVDs and Blu-Ray discs have a coating of tellurium suboxide as part of their recording layer.
Selenium-tellurium alloys are used to improve picture quality in some photocopiers and printers.''')
elif number==53:
    print('''Iodine  is the 53rd element.
Iodine is a solid, but sublimes into a purple vapour when heated. Its name is from the Greek for violet.
Iodine is found in seaweed in high proportions, and in the past it was obtained via extraction from seaweed.
Iodine is used in polarising films in LCDs which are widely used in phone and TV screens.''')
elif number==54:
    print('''Xenon is the 54th element.
Xenon is used in some car headlights, camera flashes, tanning beds, and neon lights with a blue glow.
Xenon is used in ion propulsion engines which  keep some satellites and spacecraft in orbit.
Isotopes of xenon can be used in medical imaging, usually of the heart, lungs, or brain.''')
elif number==55:
    print('''Caesium is the 55th element.
Caesium atomic clocks are used to define the second,  and help GPS and mobile phone networks function.
Caesium is the most reactive metallic element. It ignites in air and reacts explosively with water.
The largest use of caesium is in the form of caesium formate, used as a drilling fluid for oil well drilling.''')
elif number==56:
    print('''Barium is the 56th element.
Barium compounds, commonly barium nitrate, are used in fireworks to give them a green colour.
Barium sulfate is given to patients (as a “barium meal”) for X-ray imaging of the digestive system.
Barium sulfate is also used in drilling fluids for oil and gas wells, and as a white pigment in paints''')
elif number==57:
    print(''' Lanthanum is  the 57th element.
Lanthanum(III) oxide is used in camera lenses to reduce dispersion and improve clarity of images.
Lanthanum is found alloyed with other metals in the anodes of hybrid car batteries.
Lanthanum compounds are added to pools to remove phosphates and stop algae growt''')
elif number==58:
    print(''' Cerium is the 58th elemnt.
Cerium is the main metal in the alloy mischmetal, which sparks when struck and is used in lighter flints.
Cerium(III) oxide is used in the walls of self-cleaning ovens to prevent the build up of cooking residue.
Cerium oxide nanoparticles are added to diesel fuels to improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions''')  
elif number==59:
    print(''' Praseodymium is the 59th element.
Praseodymium oxide is found in didymium glass, used in eye protection for welders and glassmakers.
Praesodymium can be alloyed with magnesium to make high-strength metals used in aircraft engines.
Praseodymium is added to fluoride glass in some fibre optic cables as a signal amplifier.''')
elif number==60:
    print('''Neodymium is the 60th element.
Alloys of neodymium, iron and boron make the magnets in microphones, headphones, and speakers.
Neodymium is in the glass in tanning booths which allows UV light through while blocking infrared.

Neodymium glass is used to make lasers which are used in eye surgery and the treatment of skin cancers.''')
elif number==61:
    print('''Promethium is the 61st element.
Only trace amounts of promethium form naturally; it was only discovered when produced synthetically.
Promethium-147 can be used in atomic batteries, trialed in pacemakers during the 1970s.
It’s been identified that the star HR465 (in Andromeda) makes promethium near its surface.''')
elif number==62:
    print('''Samarium is the 62nd element.
Samarium-153 is found in the cancer drug Quadramet which treats pain when cancer spreads to the bone.
Samarium-cobalt magnets, second only to Nd magnets in strength, are used in guitar pickups and motors.
The very long half lives of some samarium isotopes allows them to be used to date rocks and meteorites.''')
elif number==63:
    print('''Europium is the 63rd element.
Fluorescent europium compounds are a security feature in Euro bank notes to combat forgeries.
Europium compounds are used as red phosphors, used in CRT televisions and phone screens.
Small quantities of europium are added to low-energy bulbs to give a warmer light.''')
elif number==64:
    print('''Gadolinium is the 64rd element.
Solutions of gadolinium complexes are used as contrast agents to improve the quality of MRI images.
Magnetic refrigerators use gadolinium. Its temperature drops when it’s removed from a magnetic field.
Gadolinium gallium garnet has been used as a diamond simulant, particularly in ther 1970s. ''')
elif number==65:
    print('''Terbium is the 65rd element.
Terfenol-D, a terbium alloy, changes shape in magnetic fields and is used in naval sonar systems and sensors.
Green terbium phosphors provide the green light in many screens, and are also used in trichromatic lighting.
Some terbium compounds are triboluminscent (emit light when fractured). They could be used in sensors.''')
elif number==66:
    print('''Dysprosium is the 66rd element.
Dysprosium compounds can be magnetised, which makes them of use in computer hard disk drives.
Dysprosium’s luminescence is used in dosimeters to measure exposure to ionising radiation.
Dysprosium is added to neodymium magnets in electric car motors and wind turbine generators.''')
elif number==67:
    print('''Holmium is the 67rd element.
Holmium has the highest magnetic strength of any element. It’s used for pole pieces of powerful magnets.
Holmium lasers are used in minor surgery to remove small cancer tumours and kidney stones.
Scientists have encoded data on single holmium atoms by changing their magnetic state.''')
elif number==68:
    print('''Erbium is the 68rd element.
Erbium compounds are usually pink. Pink erbium oxide is used to colourise glass in sunglasses.
Erbium is added to the optical fibres that supply fibre internet to amplify the light in the fibres.
Erbium lasers are used in dentistry for some types of dental surgery (such as enamel ablation).''')
elif number==69:
    print('''Thulium is the 69rd element.
Thulium-170 can be used as a radioactive source in portable X-ray machines, with a useful life of a year.
Thulium fluoresces blue in UV light; it’s used in some bank notes as a measure against counterfeiting.
After promethium, thulium is the rarest lanthanide element, and is more valuable than platinum.''')
elif number==70:
    print('''Ytterbium is the 70rd element.
Ytterbium-169 is used as a radiation source in some portable X-ray machines that don’t need electricity.
Ytterbium is found in the most stable atomic clocks, accurate to one second in the age of the universe.
Ytterbium-169 complexes are used in nuclear medicine to study the brain’s cerebrospinal fluid.''')
elif number==71:
    print('''Luteium is the 71st element.
Lutetium-176’s radioactive
decay can be used to
determine the age of
minerals and meteorites
Lutetium(III) oxide can beused as a catalyst in anumber of reactions, suchas cracking hydrocarbons.Lutetium-177 is used in
‘lutetium therapy’ to treat
tumours from the nervous
or endocrine system.''')
elif number==72:
    print('''Hafnium is the 72nd element.
Hafnium is a neutron
absorber and is used in
nuclear reactor control rods
in nuclear submarines.
Hafnium oxide is used
as electrical insulators in
microchips, helping make
them smaller and faster.
Hafnium’s high melting
point means it is used in
plasma cutting tips and
welding torches.
elif number==73:
    print('''Tantalum is the 73rd element.
Tantalum’s main use is for
electronic components
(e.g. capacitors) in phones,
laptops and cameras.
Tantalum is used in dental
and surgical instruments
and implants as it doesn’t
trigger immune response.
Tantalum is found in
strong alloys used for
turbine blades and noses
of supersonic aircraft.''')
elif number==74:
    print('''Tungsten is the 74th element.
Tungsten carbide is harder
than steel and is used in
drill bits, armour-piercing
bullets, and mining tools.
Tungsten was used in the
filaments of incandescent
light bulbs, now phased
out in most countries.
As its density is very similar
to that of gold, tungsten
has been used to make
counterfeit gold bars.''')
elif number==75:
    print('''Rhenium is the 75th element.
Rhenium’s main use is in
high temperature ‘superalloys’, which are used in
jet engine parts.
A rhenium-platinum alloy
is used as a catalyst in the
process to make lead-free
high-octane petrol.
Rhenium is added to
tungsten and molybdenum
alloys in oven filaments
and X-ray machines.''')
elif number==76:
    print('''Osmium is the 76th element
Hard alloys of osmium
and its neighbour, iridium,
are often used in tips of
fountain pens.
Osmium tetroxide is used
as a staining agent in some
types of microscopy to
make clearer images.
Osmium is the most dense
element in the periodic
table, with a density about
twice that of lead’s.''')
elif number==77:
    print(''' iridium id the 77th element.
The most corrosion-resistant
metal, iridium is alloyed with
osmium and used in pen tips
and compass pivot points.
Iridium’s high melting point
and low reactivity means
it is used in spark plugs,
particularly in aviation.
The impact that wiped out
dinosaurs 66 million years
ago left a layer of iridiumrich clay in Earth’s crust.''')
elif number==78:
    print('''Platinum is the 78th element.
Platinum’s resistance to
corrosion means it’s used
in jewellery and as an
electrode material.
Platinum is one of the
metals used in catalytic
converters in cars, and as a
catalyst for other reactions.
compounds such as
cisplatin are important
chemotherapy drugs''')
elif number==79:
    print(''' Gold is the 79th element.
Gold is considered as the best filling for cavities and crowns,
bridges and other orthodontic appliances because the metal is ductile and can easily take shapes.''')
elif number==80:
    print('''Mercury is the 80th element.
Mercury is used in fluorescent lamps, thermometers, float valves, dental amalgams, in medicine, for the production of other chemicals,
and to make liquid mirrors.
Mercury(II) fulminate is an explosive used as a primer in firearms.
The disinfectant mercury compound thimerosal is an organomercury compound found in vaccines, tattoo inks,
contact solutions, and cosmetics.''')
elif number==81:
    print('''Thallium is the 81st element.
Thallium sulfate has been used as a rodent and ant killer because it’s odorless and tasteless. However,
the use of the product has been prohibited since 1972 in the United States.
Thallium salts have also been used in the treatment of skin diseases,
but the high rate of toxicity compared to the therapeutic benefits limited its medicinal applications.''')
elif number==82:
    print('''Lead is the 82nd element.
This easily worked and corrosion-resistant metal has been used for pipes, pewter and paint since Roman times.
It has also been used in lead glazes for pottery and, in this century, insecticides,
hair dyes and as an anti-knocking additive for petrol. All these uses have now been banned, replaced or discouraged as lead is
known to be detrimental to health,
particularly that of children.
Lead is still widely used for car batteries, pigments, ammunition, cable sheathing, weights for lifting,
weight belts for diving, lead crystal glass, radiation protection and in some solders.
It is often used to store corrosive liquids. It is also sometimes used in architecture,
for roofing and in stained glass windows.''')
elif number==83:
    print('''Bismuth is the 83rd element.
Bismuth oxychloride is
used in some cosmetics,
such as eye shadows, hair
sprays and nail polishes.
Bismuth(III) oxide and
bismuth subcarbonate help
create the fizzing, crackling
sounds of some fireworks.
compounds are found in
medicines to treat stomach
aches and diarrhoea.''')
elif number==84:
    print('''Polonium is the 84th element.
Named after Poland by its
discoverer, Marie Curie.
Polonium is toxic if ingested,
even in small amounts.
Polonium is so intensely
radioactive it has been
used as a heat source in
moon rovers and satellites.
Small amounts of Po-210
are found in anti-static
brushes, which remove dust
from photographic film.''')
elif number==85:
    print('''Astatine is the 85th element.
All of astatine’s isotopes are
unstable; its most stable
isotope, astatine-210, has a
half-life of 8.1 hours.
The top kilometre of the
Earth’s crust is estimated to
contain no more than 50
milligrams of astatine.
Due to its instability, a visible
sample of astatine has never
been made, so we know
little of its properties.''')
elif number==86:
    print('''Radon(I)is the 86th element.
Radon emanates from
the ground and is the
biggest source of natural
background radiation.
High concentrations of
radon can build up in
cellars and basements,
posing a health risk.
Radon is estimated by the
EPA to be the main cause
of lung cancer amongst
elif number==87:
    print('''Franium is the 87th element
Francium was discovered
in 1939 by Marguerite
Perey, who named it after
her native country.
Due to the speed at
which its electrons move,
francium is less reactive
than caesium.
All of francium’s isotopes
are unstable; the most
stable, francium-223, has a
half-life of just 22 minutes.''')
elif number==88:
    print('''Radium is the 88th element.
Radium is radioactive. The
curie, a historical unit of
radioactivity, is based on
the radioactivity of Ra-226.
Radium’s radioactive glow
was used for glow in the
dark watch dials before the
risks were understood.
Radium was used in products
including toothpastes and
chocolate before its health
effects were known.''')
elif number==89:
    print('''Actinium is the 89th element.
Actinium is a silvery-white
metal that glows blue in
the dark as its radioactivity
excites the air around it.
Actinium is scarce and has
few uses. Actinium-225
has been investigated for
cancer treatment.
Actinium-227 is about one
hundred and fifty times as
radioactive as radium, and
is used as a neutron source.''')
elif number==90:
    print('''Thorium is the 90th element.
Thorium can be used as
a nuclear fuel; thorium
reactors are being built in
several countries.
Thorium dioxide (ThO2)
glows when heated. It was
used in gaslights which lit
streets before electric lights.
ThO2 has the highest
melting point of any oxide
(3300˚C) and is used in high
temperature crucibles.''')
elif number== 91:
    print('''Proctactinium is the 91st element.
Protactinium is scarce,
toxic, and highly radioactive.
Consequently, it’s used little
outside of research.
Protactinium-231 is used in
geology for the radiometric
dating of sediments which
are up to 175,000 years old.
Protactinium’s name means
‘precursor of actinium’ –
one of its radioactive decay
products is actinium.''')
elif number== 92:
    print('''Uranium is the 92nd element.
Uranium is a very important element because it provides us with nuclear fuel used to generate electricity
in nuclear power stations. It is also the major material from which other synthetic transuranium elements are made.
In a breeder reactor uranium-238 captures neutrons and undergoes negative beta decay to become plutonium-239.
This synthetic, fissionable element can also sustain a chain reaction.''')
elif number== 93:
    print(''' Neptunium is the 93rd element.
Neptunium is little used outside research. The isotope neptunium-237 has been used in neutron detectors.''')
elif number== 94:
    print(''' Plutonium is the 94th element.
Plutonium was used in several of the first atomic bombs, and is still used in nuclear weapons.
The complete detonation of a kilogram of plutonium produces an explosion equivalent to over 10,000 tonnes of chemical explosive.
Plutonium is also a key material in the development of nuclear power.
It has been used as a source of energy on space missions,
such as the Mars Curiosity Rover and the New Horizons spacecraft on its way to Pluto.''')
elif number== 95:
    print(''' Americium is the 95th element.
Americium is commonly used in smoke alarms, but has few other uses.
It has the potential to be used in spacecraft batteries in the future.
Currently plutonium is used but availability is poor so alternatives are being considered.
elif number== 96:
    print(''' Curium is the 96th element.
Curium has been used to provide power to electrical equipment used on space missions.
It is toxic due to its radioactivity.''')
elif number== 97:
    print('''Berkelium is the 97th element.
Because it is so rare, berkelium has no commercial or technological use at present.''')
elif number== 98:
    print(''' Californium is the 98th element.
Californium is a very strong neutron emitter. It is used in portable metal detectors, for identifying gold and silver ores,
to identify water and oil layers in oil wells and to detect metal fatigue and stress in aeroplanes.''')
elif number== 99:
    print(''' Einstenium is the 99th element.
Einsteinium’s name was
agreed while Albert Einstein
was still alive; he died
before it was announced.
Einstenium is usually only
created in nanogram
amounts, and has no uses
outside of research.
Einsteinium was the
element used as a target
for the first synthesis of
mendelevium in 1955.''')
elif number== 100:
    print(''' Fermium is the 100th element.
Fermium is the heaviest
element that can be formed
by neutron bombardment
of lighter elements.
Fermium was formed and
discovered in the fallout of
the first hydrogen bomb
test in 1952.
Fermium was named after
Enrico Fermi, the ItalianAmerican creator of the
world’s first nuclear reactor''')
elif number== 101:
    print('''Mendelevium is the 101st element.
Mendelevium was first
synthesised by bombarding
einsteinium with alpha
particles (helium ions).
Mendelevium is named after
Dmitri Mendeleev, credited
with the invention of the
modern periodic table.
Mendelevium is radioactive
and made in small amounts,
so has no uses outside of
scientific research.''')
elif number== 102:
    print('''Nobelium is the 102nd element.
A Swedish team made an
unproven claim to nobelium’s
creation; it was later created
by U.S and Soviet teams.
Nobelium is named after
Alfred Nobel, the inventor
of dynamite and founder of
the Nobel Prizes.
The most common isotope,
No-255, is commonly
made by firing carbon-12 at
elif number== 103:
    print('''Lawrencium is the 103rd element
Lawrencium is named
after Ernest Lawrence, who
invented the cyclotron
particle accelerator.
Lawrencium is only made
in miniscule amounts, and
its most stable isotope has
a half-life of just ten hours.
elif number== 104:
    print('''Rutherfordium is the 104th element.
Soviet Union scientists
proposed ‘kurchatovium’ as
the name for this element,
after Igor Kurchatov.
U.S. scientists proposed
the name Rutherfordium,
after Ernest Rutherford, the
‘father’ of nuclear physics.
Rutherfordium’s longestlived isotope has a half-life
of 1.3 hours. It has no uses
outside research.''')
elif number== 105:
    print('''Dubnium is the 105th element.
Nielsbohrium, hahnium and
joliotium were all names
which were proposed but
rejected for element 105.
Dubnium is named after
Dubna, Russia, which is
where the element was
first made and detected.
Dubnium’s longest- lived
isotope has a half-life of
around a day. It has no
uses outside research.''')
elif number== 106:
    print('''Seaborgnium is the 106th element.
Though seaborgium was
created in 1974, arguments
over its name meant it
wasn’t confirmed until 1997.
Seaborgium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of
around 14 minutes. It has
no uses outside research.
The first element named
after a living person: Glenn
Seaborg, the co-discoverer
of 10 elements.''')
elif number== 107:
    print('''Bohrium is the 107th element.
The first element made by
colliding two nuclei in a low
excitation energy cold fusion
reaction was bohrium.
Bohrium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of
about a minute. It has no
uses outside research.''')
elif number== 108:
    print(''' Hassium is the 108th element.
It’s predicted that hassium’s
density is 41 g/cm3
twice the highest observed
density of an element.
Hassium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of
about 16 seconds. It has no
uses outside research.
elif number== 109:
    print('''Mietnerium is the 109th element
Named for Austrian physicist
Lise Meitner; it’s the only
element named after a nonmythological woman.
Meitnerium’s low half-lives
and difficulty to produce
means its chemistry has yet
to be investigated.
Meitnerium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of
about 4.5 seconds. It has
no uses outside research.''')
elif number== 110:
    print('''Darmstadtium is the 109th element.
Darmstadtium is named
after Darmstadt, Germany,
which is where the element
was first produced.
‘Policium’ was suggested
as a joke for this element’s
name. 110 is the emergency
number in Germany.
Darmstadtium’s longestlived isotope has a half-life
of about 13 seconds. It has
no uses outside research.''')
elif number == 111:
    print('''Roentgenium is the 111st element.
Roentgenium is predicted
to be silver in colour –
though it’s unlikely it will
ever be directly observed.
Roentgenium’s longestlived isotope has a half-life
of 100 seconds. It has no
uses outside research.
Roentgenium is named
after the German physicist
Wilhem Röntgen, who
discovered X-rays.
elif number == 112:
    print('''Copernicium is the 112nd element.
Copernicium was named
after astronomer Nicolaus
Copernicus, confirmed on
his 537th birthday.
Due to relativistic effects
copernicium is thought to
be a volatile liquid that acts
like a noble gas.
Copernicium’s longestlived isotope has a half-life
of 28 seconds. It has no
uses outside research.''')
elif number == 113:
    print('''Nihonium is the 113rd element.
Nihonium was discovered
by Japanese scientists and
named after the Japanese
name for Japan, Nihon.
Nihonium is the first
element in the periodic
table to be discovered in
an Asian country.
Nihonium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of
about 10 seconds. It has no
uses outside research.''')
elif number == 114:
    print('''Flerovium is the the 114th element.
Flerovium is named after
the Flerov Laboratory in
Russia, itself named after
physicist George Flerov.
Flerovium is predicted to
be a volatile metal, with
calculations suggesting it is
a gas at room temperature.
Flerovium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of
about 2 seconds. It has no
uses outside research.''')
elif number == 115:
    print('''Moscovium is the 115th element.
Moscovium is named after
the Moscow Oblast region
of Russia, where the lab
which created it is found.
Moscovium is difficult to
produce, and as of 2017
only about 100 atoms
had been observed.
Moscovium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of
about 0.7 seconds. It has
no uses outside research.''')
elif number == 116:
    print('''Livermonium is the 116th element.
Livermorium is named after
the Lawrence Livermore
National Lab, California, which
worked on its discovery.
Though it’s named after
an American laboratory,
Livermorium was first
created in Dubna, Russia.
Livermorium’s longest-lived
isotope has a half-life of 60
milliseconds. It has no uses
outside research.''')
elif number == 117:
    print(''' Tennessine is the 117th element.
Discovered by a Russia-US
collaboration. It’s named
after Tennessee where some
work to prepare it was done.
The most stable isotope of
tennessine has a half-life of
just 51 milliseconds, so we
know little of its properties.Tennesine’s creation was
announced in 2010; it’s the
most recently discovered
element as of 2019.''')
elif number == 118:
    print('''Oganesson is the 118th element.
Discovered in 2002 by US
and Russian scientists, only
few atoms of oganesson
have ever been produced.
Named after Russian
scientist Yuri Oganessian,
for his contributions to
discovering new elements.
It’s predicted that
oganesson is so heavy that
its electrons lose their usual
shell structure.''')

                Well done!
            You can known about all elements like this.
Name: Devdutt Dinesh
Grade: 9
  Its an excellent experience, Anand Sir is a very friendly teacher. He explains the concepts very well.
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